Thursday, March 23, 2017

Thoughts for the day...

Celebration of Spring
                © 2017  Sy’needa Penland

          As the delicate leaves rattle
          a seductive melody through the misty air,
          in amazement of the mystical beauty,
          my Spirit guides me to listen;
          My eyes become transfixed
          to the alluring energy, everywhere.

          One by one in unison
          they sing a familiar tune,
          as more blossoms begin to bloom,
          the limbs on the trees chime in
          as the playful birds begin to sing,
          and the buds begin to shout,
          “It’s a Celebration of Spring!”

          As they dance their ritual
          to celebrate the joyful sounds
 that Nature brings. 

Monday, March 20, 2017

Thoughts for the day...

World Peace
© 2017 Sy’needa Penland

         Imagine the world through my eyes,
          where there is Peace, Love and Harmony;
          No more battle cries.

          Imagine the world through my heart,
          where our nations stand strong,
          not torn apart – by greed, hate,
          classism, gender or racial divide.

          Imagine the world brought together
          by Universal Love United as One being,
          under the Cosmic Skies.

          Imagine the world through my Earth,
          where she is acknowledged
          for giving birth to humanity
          and future generations to come.

          Imagine the world united as One,
          under the peaceful loving
          rays of the Sun.

          Imagine a World of Peace
          where our efforts for
          preserving Humanity
          is never done!  

Edgar Cayce How to Heal Your Body [FULL VIDEO]

Sunday, March 19, 2017

Colonel William Jones faces up to 10 years in prison, admitted to having a "Dark Side" at Court Martial, after caught with images of Child-Porn on personal computer.


© 2017

Here's a case where the "vice" commander of the 20th Fighter wing at Shaw AFB was aptly named.

William Jones was well-liked at the sprawling South Carolina. A former enlisted man and 23-year Air Force veteran, the senior officer however, had a "dark side" which he finally admitted to this week at court-martial. The super-friendly senior officer was a secret pervert all along.

The bird colonel was caught with images of child-porn on his personal computer and now he's trying to spare himself as much time behind bars as he can. At sentencing, the sicko could get as much as ten years in the slammer, loss of all pay and allowances, and dismissal from the service.

In 2016, OSI agents caught Jones with multiple images of child-porn on his personal computer. Back then, the colonel was also hit with an obstruction of justice charge, but that count was dropped during his Article 32 hearing last August.

Jones joined the USAF back in 1993 and was considered by some to be a "fast-burner," achieving the rank of full colonel in a relatively short period of time. That is all moot now, as his plea guarantees his Air Force career is over.

Food for thought:

The DARK SIDE of our Military which "harbours" Child Sexual Predators, Rapists, Bullies and Greedy Maniacs!!!
Some behaviours are culturally inherent and our Armed Forces welcome ALL kinds, from ALL walks of life!!!
This particular predator preyed on our young children while serving 23 years in uniform!!
How is this possible?!
And you wonder why the Feminists organisations are in such an uproar about the Marine Corps Nude Photographs sex scandal, which a few female Congressional Representatives are strongly backing them. I guess our female politicians need all the help they can get to expose and challenge our chauvinistic government - society!!
But there is a higher moral responsibility at hand, while America continues to evolve into a higher technological virtual realm, WOMEN must own their own sexual exploitative behaviours!! "Posing for Nude Pictures!!"
As an Advocate and Survivor of the military's Culture, I have been on both sides of the spectrum and the price I paid was a deeply emotional one, which has taught me a valuable lesson in life!!
As I continue to make amends with my past, and life choices, good-bad-indifferent, I don't believe in asking others to take on a burden I brought upon myself, at the end of the day we need to focus on creating a military culture that is either held to a much higher moral and social standard or allow them to openly mimic the societal culture they defend!!
At the end of the day, our children's future is at stake and if we allow our "defenders" to prey upon our children and their fellow colleagues, we are no better than the smaller world nations we police!!!

Saturday, March 18, 2017

My latest poetry piece...

Fertile Seeds of Life
©  2017  Sy’needa Penland

Just in case mankind
didn’t get the memo,
when you suppress
the Feminine Spirit,
it needs some place to go;

Our guidance begins,
far beneath our skin,
inner worlds
you’ve yet to explore;

The very place
that harvested you,
long before - your birth.

Within my womb
lies your infant tomb,
a mere seedling
of Mother Earth;

When the Universe
gave me life,
she impregnated me
with the seeds of eternal life;

When fused by the
Essence of Love
begins the fertility
cycle of life.

As we bear infinite seeds
to sustain humanity,
the fertile grain of life,
may we welcome
Peace and Love
into our hearts
and end Humanity’s strife!

Wednesday, March 15, 2017

Greed has no limits when it comes to Navy officials and their willingness to put personal pleasure over National Security!!

Washington Post reports, 

Admiral, seven others charged with corruption in new ‘Fat Leonard’ indictment

The Justice Department unsealed a fresh indictment Tuesday charging eight Navy officials — including an admiral — with corruption and other crimes in the “Fat Leonard” bribery case, escalating an epic scandal that has dogged the Navy for four years.

Among those charged were Rear Adm. Bruce Loveless, a senior Navy intelligence officer who recently retired from a key job at the Pentagon, as well as four retired Navy captains and a retired Marine colonel. The charges cover a period of eight years, from 2006 through 2014.

The Navy personnel are accused of taking bribes in the form of lavish gifts, prostitutes and luxury hotel stays courtesy of Leonard Glenn “Fat Leonard” Francis, a Singapore-based defense contractor who has pleaded guilty to defrauding the Navy of tens of millions of dollars.

The indictment lists page after page of bribes allegedly provided to the defendants including $25,000 watches, $2,000 boxes of Cohiba cigars, $2,000 bottles of cognac and $600-per-night hotel rooms.

According to the charging documents, Francis also frequently sponsored wild sex parties for many officers assigned to the USS Blue Ridge, the flagship of the Navy’s 7th Fleet, and other warships.

During a port visit by the Blue Ridge to Manila in May 2008, for example, five of the Navy officers attended a “raging multi-day party, with a rotating carousel of prostitutes,” at the Shangri-La Hotel, according to the indictment. The group allegedly drank the hotel’s entire supply of Dom Pérignon champagne and rang up expenses exceeding $50,000, which Francis covered in full.

On another port visit by the Blue Ridge to Manila in February 2007, Francis allegedly hosted a sex party for officers in the MacArthur Suite of the Manila hotel. During the party, “historical memorabilia related to General Douglas MacArthur were used by the participants in sexual acts,” according to the indictment.

In exchange, according to federal prosecutors, the officials provided Francis with classified or inside information that enabled his firm, Glenn Defense Marine Asia, to gouge the Navy out of tens of millions of dollars.

Federal agents fanned out across six states Tuesday in a coordinated operation to arrest the defendants, authorities said.

Loveless, the retired admiral, was arrested at his home in Coronado, Calif. The Navy had announced in November 2013 that he was under scrutiny by the Justice Department and suspended his access to classified material. He was allowed to retire last fall.

Navy officials have said that about 30 admirals are under investigation, although only a handful have been named publicly.

Robert Gilbeau, a one-star admiral, was convicted last June after he pleaded guilty to making false statements to investigators about his contacts with Francis. He has since retired. He is scheduled to be sentenced next month in federal court.

Separately, the Navy has censured or disciplined three admirals for ethics violations after they accepted lavish meals and other gifts from Francis.

Others taken into custody Tuesday included David Newland, 60, a retired captain from San Antonio; James Dolan, 58, a retired captain from Gettysburg, Pa.; David Lausman, a retired captain from The Villages, Fla.; and Donald Hornbeck, a retired captain who lives in Britain.

Agents also arrested Enrico de Guzman, a retired Marine colonel from Hono­lulu; Lt. Cmdr. Stephen Shedd, an active-duty officer from Colorado Springs; and Robert Gorsuch, 48, of Virginia Beach, a retired chief warrant officer.

None of the defendants could be reached for comment Tuesday. The charges against them include bribery, conspiracy, obstruction of justice and making false statements to federal investigators.

All of the accused officers formerly held key positions on the command staff of the Japan-based 7th Fleet and were bribed by Francis because they could help steer business to Glenn Defense Marine Asia, according to court papers.

The case is being prosecuted by the U.S. attorney’s office in San Diego with the assistance of the Naval Criminal Investigative Service and the Defense Criminal Investigative Service.

“This is a fleecing and betrayal of the United States Navy in epic proportions,” said Alana W. Robinson, the acting U.S. attorney for the Southern District of California. She said the defendants “worked together as a team to trade secrets for sex, serving the interests of a greedy foreign defense contractor and not those of their own country.”

Read more:

Monday, March 13, 2017

A Personal Note.... "My Advice to Young Women considering joining the Military"

Last night, I had a heartfelt conversation with one of my sisters, she told me that her daughter, my oldest niece, is thinking about the joining the Navy, because she wants to pursue a career, “Like her Auntie.”  

She is 18 years old and is planning her future.    

It brought tears to my eyes to learn that my niece wants to endure all the pain and suffering I went through, rising through the ranks (as a double minority), from Seaman Recruit to Lt. Commander Supply Corps officer, becoming a well-seasoned one at that, which ultimately led to my demise as a Military Whistleblower.

As a longstanding advocate for justice, I believe our military is NOT READY FOR A STRONGER FIGHTING FORCE, which is what our young women will bring to the table.  

My niece is highly intelligent and like myself, “one of a kind,” and her bravery, compassion, and “Kick Ass - Take No Prisoners” attitude will be too much for the Navy’s top brass to handle, considering she will be shadowed by her auntie’s reputation. 

Several years ago, when I was involved in providing “one on one” advocacy support for senior Naval minority officers, who were victims of racial and sexual discrimination, I’d learned that a descendant of Japanese Admiral, Isoroku Yamamoto was being discriminated against, along with a group of minority officers who’d returned from “augmented” field duty in the Gulf, to discover that their former positions were occupied by civilian contractors at Balboa Naval Medical Center, who were fighting to become permanent staff employees.   

One of the key victims in this particular “high-profile” equal employment opportunity dispute was a Navy Purple Heart Recipient, former “Poster Girl” for the Navy’s minority recruitment program, and later, a retaliated whistleblower because she decided to “speak out” about her and her fellow minority colleagues’ injustices at Balboa Medical Center.  Ret. Commander Lenora Langlais is a “Fighter for Justice and Equality,” and I’m proud to call her my friend.  

Here's a link to her story.

While penning the first draft of my memoir, “Broken Silence, A Military Whistleblower’s Fight for Justice,” I'd conducted in-depth research into other methods of discrimination within the military’s ranks, expanding my scope into various professional communities; independent of my own experience. 

At the time, the “Military’s Leadership Diversity Commission" had just released its 162-page final report, "From Representation to Inclusion:  Diversity Leadership for the 21-st Century Military. 

Unfortunately, the study excluded data relating to “sexual orientation and gender transformation,” which was not at the forefront of the Pentagon’s outsourced investigation study at the time.

Looking back at my discrimination-retaliation experience, as a civilian advocate, I’m still trying to understand my personal outcome…..  “Why was I singled out to be punished for an alleged sex act, while the majority of male military personnel, reported to have committed sex crimes, continue to go unpunished? Most notably, General David Petraeus! Furthermore, the “female Marines nude photographs sex scandal" shines a key spotlight into the injustices I'd encountered during my trail.  Retaliation against a military Whistleblower has NO Limits!! 

I digress….

My advice to my niece, Don’t waste your time on the Navy and join the Marines!!”   

This country needs a stronger female and minority fighting force, throughout all branches and occupations of our Armed Forces.  As women continue to “Break Through Equality Barriers, put you Best Foot Forward!!  And Fight Like Hell, it will be worth it in the long run!! 

Wednesday, March 8, 2017

"A member of the House Armed Services Committee called Wednesday for the Marines accused of sharing nude photos of female service members to be fired," reports The

In a speech on the House floor, Rep. Jackie Speier (D-Calif.) urged Defense Secretary James Mattis to “hold your leadership accountable for these failures to establish a culture of dramatic change.”  

“That means heads should roll,” Speier said. “Action is what needed for the integrity of the military. Survivors must be supported. That will only happen if those bad Marines are drummed out of the Corps, with no exceptions.”

The War Horse, a nonprofit military news organization, reported over the weekend that the Naval Criminal Investigative Service was probing allegations that hundreds of Marines shared nude photos and personal information of female Marines and veterans in a private Facebook group. The Facebook group, called "Marines United," had nearly 30,000 followers.

Some photos were allegedly taken and posted without the women’s knowledge or were meant to remain private. Comments on the page reportedly included rape threats.

Gen. Robert Neller, commandant of the Marine Corps, said Tuesday that the Marines accused of sharing the nude photos “acted selfishly and unprofessionally.”

“It’s embarrassing to our Corps, to our families and to the nation,” Neller said in a video statement.

“We will ensure that the investigative process that is ongoing will ensure the reporting of conduct that is like this,” he said. “If changes need to be made, they will be made.”

Speier argued that merely expressing alarm about Marines sharing nude photos of their colleagues wasn’t enough, saying that the scandal reflected a broader cultural problem within the military.

“I fear that military leadership will say anything to placate Congress and an outraged public, but then do nothing,” she said.

“This is not about sex or fun or ‘boys will be boys.’ This is about the Marines deliberately trying to degrade, humiliate and threaten fellow Marines.” 

Full article:

Food for thought...  

"Degrade, Humiliate and Threaten" a colleague, was exactly what I experienced throughout my Reprisal experience as a Military Whistleblower. 

After I’d uncovered and investigated defense contract fraud within the Navy Expeditionary Combat Command (NECC) community and contract bid rigging with a defense company, Logistics Support Inc., and reported my findings outside the command’s jurisdiction, I was reprised against in the worse possible way.  

Senior members of the Navy’s JAG community used Nude photographs to threaten me to remain quiet about my findings.  I was fired from my position and was forced to “call in” every morning while the Navy built a “sex” case against me.

By the time I’d reported their Reprisal Acts to the office of the Secretary of the Navy, I’d been approached by senior officers, contractors, and enlisted Sailors, informing me that that have seen “nude pictures” alleged to be of me, along with statements that were written by the command’s JAG, LCDR Mei-Ling Marshall, on behalf of the estranged wife.  I detail these events in my memoir, “Broken Silence, a Military Whistleblower’s Fight for Justice.”

During the Navy’s plea bargain process, my defense attorney(s) met with “senior” command officials who stated, on numerous occasions, they need to "guarantee a conviction to prove my fraud allegations as frivolous.  In their pursuit to silence me, the JAG, LCDR Marshall, tampered with government evidence by erasing the court recorded transcripts of a 2007 preliminary hearing, where the preliminary investigator testified to her personal involvement in my prosecution, as she later testified to the same.  A second preliminary hearing was held a week or two before my Courts Martial trial, this time, to ensure I was Guilty!!

Thanks to Honorable Rosemary Collyer, my Reprisal concerns were addressed, but the Navy’s Board for Correction of Naval Records sees otherwise.  Which concerns me about “Whistleblower Protection and Reprisal” against the Victims of this particular tragic scandal, should they pursue legal actions against their colleagues for wrongfully distributing nude photographs. 

What else concerns me is, “Marines taking actions into their own hands!!”

I’ve read several Facebook posts from junior Marines, informing female MST Victims/Survivors, “Not to Worry, We Will Handle this!!” 

This spells “Trouble within the Ranks!!”

At at time like now, Congress needs to put a lid on this!!!!!

Tuesday, March 7, 2017

Obama Calling African Slaves Immigrants In 2015

Volunteers Become Human Guinea Pigs For Medical Research.... Yet the Military/VA Portal Provides Hundreds of Thousands Test Subjects for the Advancement of Medical "Ideas"

CBS News reports, "Marines being investigated over salacious photo sharing of women service members..."

Top brass in the U.S. Marines are denouncing in vigorous terms misbehavior by Marines online, including photographing and sharing photos of women recruits and veterans and making salacious comments about them.

“There is no place for this type of demeaning or degrading behavior in our Corps,” said Sergeant Major Ronald L. Green, 18th Sergeant Major of the Marine Corps in a statement to CBS News.

Green was responding to reports published by the Center for Investigative Reporting that hundreds of Marines are being investigated for using social media to solicit and share hundreds — possibly thousands — of naked photographs of women service members and veterans.

“Let me be perfectly clear; no person should be treated this way. It is inconsistent with our Core Values, and it impedes our ability to perform our mission,” said Sergeant Major Green.

On its Reveal web site, the Center for Investigative Reporting found that since Jan. 30, more than two dozen women, including active duty and enlisted service members had been identified by their rank, full name and military duty station in photographs posted and linked to from a private Facebook page called “Marines United.”

In one instance cited in the report, a woman corporal in uniform was followed at Camp Lejeune in North Carolina by a fellow Marine, who surreptitiously photographed her as she picked up her gear. The picture was posted to the Marines United private FB page, where dozens of obscene, sexually explicit comments were posted.

A Marine Corps official told CBS News’ Cami McCormick that when they learned of the private website, they started asking questions and “within hours the site was gone.”

“Whoever runs it kept moving it, making it hard to even find what the scope of it was’, said the official, adding that the Naval Criminal Investigative Service is looking into the matter. The official expressed sympathy the women involved. 

“People will immediately start blaming victims, and we are most concerned about them. They may have taken pics meant to be private and then those images could have been shared by a former close friend. So many questions that we just don’t have answers to at this point.”

The online activity was first posted by The War Horse, a nonprofit news organization run by Marine veteran and Purple Heart recipient Thomas Brennan, who wrote the piece for the Reveal web site. 

Within hours Brennan became the target of online threats, like “waterboard this p-o-s” and “I’ll pay 500 to the dude that can get good nudes of his girl.”

“I’ve scrolled by things like this on Facebook before. I think this is a good gut check for a lot of people. We have all scrolled by things we shouldn’t tolerate on social media,” Brennan told CBS News on Sunday.

On Sunday, The War Horse web site had a popup message with information on how to report harassment related to Marines United -- and a contact number for the Naval Criminal Investigative Service which is investigating.


“Do you think you are or may have been a victim of sexual harassment or misconduct on Marines United?

Both active military and civilians can report a crime or share information on Marines United discreetly, anonymously and safely to NCIS via text, the web, or the NCIS smart phone app. The NCIS number is (877) 579-3648.”

This all comes just two months after the first female infantry Marines headed to Camp LeJeune. In late 2015, former Defense Secretary Ash Carter opened all military positions to women, including combat roles.

“The Marine Corps is deeply concerned about allegations regarding the derogatory online comments and sharing of salacious photographs in a closed website. This behavior destroys morale, erodes trust, and degrades the individual. The Marine Corps does not condone this sort of behavior, which undermines our core values. As General Neller said in his recent Message to the Force, the Marine Corps’ success in battle depends on trust, mutual respect, and teamwork,” said Captain Ryan Alvis, a public affairs officer for the Marines.

“The Marine Corps takes every allegation of misconduct seriously. Allegations of misconduct are thoroughly investigated and handled at the appropriate judicial or administrative forum. A Marine could potentially be charged for violating Article 133 (for officers) or Article 134 of the Uniform Code of Military Justice (UCMJ). If a Marine shared a photo of another person that was taken without that person’s consent and under circumstances in which that other person had a reasonable expectation of privacy, the Marine may have violated Article 120c, UCMJ, for broadcasting or distribution of an indecent visual recording. A Marine who directly participates in, encourages, or condones such actions could also be subjected to criminal proceedings or adverse administrative actions.”

Full article:

Food for thought:  I’ve received a number of calls from media journalists for a quote on this topic.  For the record, “I’m on the fence…”  Considering that I was prosecuted, sentenced to serve 60 days in prison, fined almost $10K and was discharged from the Navy – months shy of reaching my 20-year retirement eligibility, on specious grounds of “adultery,” surrounding NUDE pictures.

My case remains one of the military’s most hypocritical “sex scandals” that never made its way to mainstream media, second to General David Petraeus’ adultery sex scandal.

Early last year, Honorable Rosemary Collyer made her final ruling on my Civil Action (Discrimination) lawsuit against Navy Secretary, Raymond Mabus, nearly a year later, to date, the Navy stands behind its decision to uphold my conviction, as they continue to deny me my hard-earned retirement pension benefits and for Human Rights abuse, punitive damages. 

Yet the irony with this particular sex scandal begs the question(s),  “Why did the (female) Marines take nude pictures of themselves in the first place, and whether or not they were involved in relationships with “married” colleagues?  If so… Will the Pentagon seek further investigation/prosecutions for sex crimes committed by both parties?  Considering the Navy has already established a legal precedent by upholding my conviction.

Yet unfortunately, their entire case against me hinged on the testimony of an estranged ex-wife (an enlisted person), who was reported to have violated Article 134 of the Uniform Code of Military Justice (UCMJ); sharing a photo of another person that was taken without that person’s consent and under circumstances in which that other person had a reasonable expectation of privacy, for broadcasting or distribution of an indecent visual recording; according to Marine Corps regulations; any person who directly participates in, encourages, or condones such actions could also be subjected to criminal proceedings or adverse administrative actions.”

During my incarceration, the DoD’s Brig Commander was livid over my mistreatment and stated that, “The DoD will have to build more prisons - should commanders start “prosecuting” personnel for committing adultery. 

On another note, why is the military still having problems with “gender integration” in 2017?!

When I served onboard a Navy warship as the only female for an entire year, in late 2004-2005, assigned to a crew of over 300 men, I ensured the commanding officer provided me a “Safe and Harassment Free Workplace,”  by enforcing the federal Civil Rights Act regulations.  At the time, we had a critical mission to accomplish and there was no time for “gender” (and racial) discrimination issues!!!

As a senior Staff Corps officer, I was groomed throughout my officer career to never bring any negative attention to myself to further agitate an “all-male” working environment.  As a black woman, my presence was painful enough… So I was always told…

As far as the nude photographs surrounding the “adultery” allegations brought against me….  There was never any respect for privacy from the beginning of my case. And anyone who has ever served in the military knows that when you are brought before a Unit Commander to defend yourself against allegations of any sort, you are GUILTY as Charged!! 

Similar to a public defender, the staff’s lawyer will persuade you to “plea” guilty and forfeit your right to a fair trial!!”    In my case, I was bullied by members of my executive staff. By the time my case went to trial, Navy prosecutors had solicited to nearly the entire senior JAG Corps and Supply Corps officer Community in San Diego, as well as a dozen enlisted and civilian contractor personnel (my colleagues at Naval Coastal Warfare) the nude photographs that were used as evidence in their defense.  The photographs eventually made their way to the Pentagon and certain “military bloggers” and “Intelligence” agencies, after I’d announced I was working on the release of my memoir, “Broken Silence, a Military Whistleblower’s Fight for Justice.  Talk about an invasion and violation of my Rights to Privacy, as a disabled military Veteran!!

As I type this blog, I tremble, reflecting back to my military tribunal, the humiliation I was forced to undergo as a result of retaliatory acts, orchestrated by senior members of my direct chain of command.  

During my entire trail, I was forced to stare at a monitor screen, broadcasting nude photographs that were on display to prejudice the jury.  In the end, Navy prosecutors got exactly what they needed, a conviction, to discredit any reports of fraud that I’d reported to the DoD IG investigators.  A year later, after learning that I’d reported their corruption activity outside the DoD’s chain of command, to the Department of Justice Anti-Trust division, they sought to punish me even more by revoking my security clearance, denying me proper healthcare treatment after a senior Navy Medical Board at Balboa Medical Center recommended that I remain on active duty to undergo extensive chemotherapy treatment to treat a rare blood-disorder I’d subsequently developed as a result of battling their excessive mistreatment, cruel and unusual punishment, and ongoing retaliation.

As a survivor of the military’s Injustice System, I’ve had to come to terms with accepting the fact that some people chose to work for organizations that condone violating the rights of others and devote their lives to upholding such an unjust workplace-legal system that prey on violating the Civil and Human Rights of others.  Yet Human Rights Laws in America currently doesn’t exist, and is decades past due!!

Before I close this chapter of my life, I offer one final bit of advice to our senior military leaders as well as to senior members of our congress…..

“As a retired well-seasoned officer, I see this “scandal” as a major issue surrounding the “Health and Welfare of our service members.” IT DOES POSE A THREAT TO OUR NATIONAL SECURITY!!  It’s a simple case of piss poor training and piss poor Equal Employment Opportunity Management, which has always been a “foreign language” to the military’s top brass. And this issues has the potential to lead to an influx of VA disability compensation claims for "Military Sexual Trauma."

While the ball is still in the military's court, this presents the perfect opportunity to “TEACH” our young boys how to “RESPECT” Women, and TEACH our young girls how to “RESPECT” THEMSELVES as “Women!!”

There should also be a STANDARD MILITARY RULE against “Taking” NUDE pictures, “Distribution” of NUDE pictures or any “Discussion” of Nudity in the workplace; which extends to the field, barracks, liberty ports, social media etc.!!

Case Closed!!!